A new technology has the potential to both reduce and exacerbate illegal bias in hiring.
The New York Times has reported that two start-up hiring platforms, Applied and Pymetrics, have created algorithms using artificial intelligence and neuroscience games that can level the playing field for gender, ethnic and socioeconomic representation.
Age discrimination also is illegal but it was not mentioned. This despite considerable evidence showing that employers currently are systematically discriminating against older workers by using computer software to screen out their resumes and divert them to a digital trash can. Research shows that older women are the most severely affected by hiring discrimination.
Spokespersons for Applied and Pymetrics said behavioral design algorithms are capable of analyzing hiring factors that are more predictive of performance and less biased than traditional resume screening tools. The algorithms are tweaked until men and women and people of different ethnic backgrounds get similar scores to qualify for hire. A spokesperson for Applied cited a large test in which over half of the people that were hired would not have been were it not for the platform. A Pymetrics spokesperson said the company has been highly successful in improving gender, ethnic and socioeconomic representation for clients like Accenture and Unilever.