Perez Faces Daunting Obstacles
Labor Secretary Tom Perez pledged this week to aggressively defend workers rights in a speech to the AFL-CIO but it may be a bit early to break out the balloons and confetti.
For one thing, Perez, who was appointed by President Barack Obama in July, has little power to overcome some of the daunting obstacles facing both the labor movement and American workers generally.
Research earlier this year documented what many casual observers already knew – the U.S. Supreme Court is, in fact, the most anti-employee rights court in modern U.S. history.
In the past two years, the Court has issued decisions that make it far more difficult for plaintiffs to prevail in employment discrimination lawsuits, retaliation lawsuits and class action lawsuits. See One-Two Punch by Anti-Worker Court and Wal-Mart Doges Bullet.
Congress has done little or nothing to repair these devastating blows to worker rights.
Congress has not even addressed the Court’s absurd 2009 decision in Gross v. FBL Financial Services to treat plaintiffs in age discrimination lawsuits less favorably than plaintiffs in race or sex discrimination lawsuits.
Finally, Congress’ so-called budget compromise – the sequester – threatens to devastate the U.S. Department of Labor, which faces a potential budget cut of up to 26 percent in 2014.
Still … Let the wind be at his back as Perez defends collective-bargaining rights, aggressively enforces wage laws and takes steps to improve workplace safety.
He also plans to crack down on employers who unlawfully misclassify workers as contractors instead of as employees and extend wage protections—such as overtime pay—to groups like home health-care workers who now have limited protections. Mr. Perez also said the DOL also will focus on job-training skills, calling he agency the “Department of Opportunity.”
And there’s no time like the present!
Union membership is down from a high of 20 percent in 1983 to 11.3 percent in 2012 (of which only 6.6 percent are private sector workers).