I see that you have given your imprimatur to a new hiring initiative by more than a dozen major American corporations that seems on its face to blatantly violate the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967.

Starbucks, Microsoft and Walmart, among others, recently announced the “100,000 Opportunities Initiative” to hire 100,000 16- to 24-year-olds by 2018. The program appears to be an end run around the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), which prohibits age discrimination in hiring.

You are quoted in a press release  on Starbucks’ web site as stating, “The corporate leaders championing the 100,000 Opportunities Initiative recognize that promoting career opportunities for youth is a win-win, and I hope more employers will follow their lead.”

The press release states the initiative includes apprenticeships, internships, training programs, and “both part-time and full-time jobs.”  The ADEA unambiguously states that it is unlawful for an employer “to fail or refuse to hire” any individual “because of such individual’s age.”

The corporations are couching the initiative as a well-intentioned effort to help young people “who face systemic barriers to jobs and education.”  Yet, federal law does not allow employers to discriminate because of supposedly good intentions.

 The Obama Administration and the DOL should support programs that, for example, prepare high school drop-outs for careers rather than sanction age discrimination by America’s largest corporations.

As I’m sure you know, younger workers do not have a monopoly on systemic barriers to jobs and education. The unemployment rate is high at both ends of the age spectrum but older workers often are forced out of the workplace by age discrimination. Many are dumped into a financially ill-advised “early retirement” as a result of disproportionate long-term, chronic unemployment. A recent report by AARP found that half of the people in the U.S. between the ages of 45 to 70 who lost their job during the last five years are still not working. Older workers who are forced to retire at age 62 incur at least a 25 percent cut in Social Security benefits for the rest of their lives.  Age discrimination literally consigns many older Americans (especially women and minorities) to a life sentence of  poverty or near poverty .

It is unfortunate that the corporations participating in this initiative  refer indirectly to President Barack Obama’s 2010 executive order establishing the Pathways “Recent Graduates” Program, which permits federal agencies engage in age discrimination. The press release announcing the “100,000 Opportunities Initiative” begins this way: “Top U.S. – Based Companies Create Pathways to Economic Opportunity for Young Americans.”  This executive order arguably operates as a legal exemption to the ADEA for federal sector employers but  does not permit private sector corporations to violate the ADEA.

You may ask – why would older workers want entry-level jobs? Author Michael Gates Gill wrote a best-selling book in 2007 entitled, “How Starbucks Saved My Life.”  At age 53, Gill found himself chronically unemployed after being laid off from a high-paid job at an ad agency. He had no health insurance and was diagnosed with a brain tumor. His salvation was a job as an entry-level employee at Starbucks. Today, as a result of the 100,000 Opportunities Initiative, Gill would find a sign on Starbucks’ door stating: Older Workers Need Not Apply.

Please reassess your support for the 100,000 Opportunities Initiative, which really is just a pragmatic effort by big corporations to recruit and train young workers without having to bother with older workers who are disproportionately represented in the ranks of the long-term unemployed.

I understand you are a former civil rights attorney. I am sure you know that age discrimination is no different from any other type of employment discrimination. Age discrimination, like discrimination on the basis of race, sex or religion, is founded on false and harmful stereotypes, fear and animus directed toward a discrete group. I can’t imagine the DOL would support an initiative by America’s biggest corporations to hire only whites, men or Christians.  It is no more acceptable to support discrimination against older workers.

Respectfully, Patricia G. Barnes, J.D., author of Betrayed: The Legalization of Age Discrimination in the Workplace.


  1. Rhonda Williford says:

    Unemployment and underemployment has no age barriers and help for employees to
    enter or re-enter the workforce, especially with the backing
    of tax dollars from all working age groups, should have no
    barriers either. So many employees of all ages have
    lost their jobs or are underemployed through no fault of their own,
    Let this legislation cast a wide net
    to help all persons seeking employment — and without
    violating established anti-discrimination legislation.

  2. Destitute says:

    Thank you for your articles. It feels validating to have come across your blog, to read the words of someone who understands the legalization of age discrimination that is taking place and growing. I believe the precedent set by Obama’s Executive Order is going to lead to exponentially dire consequences for older workers.

    I’m only in my 40s, and even as a U.S. Veteran with a graduate degree and considerable past work experience, my earnings with the federal government have been nearly half as much at my coworkers in their 20s who had no prior work experience. The Pathways Program goes way beyond recruitment alone.

    It’s been several years since I began my career with the federal government, and it’s getting more and more difficult to sleep at night as I still don’t earn enough to pay my student loan debt which is now well over $100,000 and has accrued thousands in interest while in forbearances. How will I even be able to accumulate retirement savings?

    I changed from a person with enthusiasm, talent, and unique perspectives, with a good reputation and history of outstanding performance reviews, to a person filled with resentment and hopelessness. My depression has escalated to weekly thoughts of jumping off a bridge. I overcame considerable adversity to obtain my education later in life, having sacrificed 10 years to achieve it. In fact, I was the first one in my family to graduate from college. I worked so hard to ensure that I could live fairly comfortably, and now I am destitute and face a bleak future. My situation is so atrocious that people cannot even relate as I am surrounded by coworkers whose lives are financially comfortable, leaving me with no one to talk to for any support. No one wants to be burdened with stories of someone else’s misfortune, and that is understandable. I can even describe in words the degree of demoralization that I have experienced as a result of legalized age discrimination.

    And this breaks my heart. I voted for Obama. I now wonder if this policy is really a veiled move to pay back many of his campaign supporters.

    • The situation is frustrating but don’t despair. The Obama administration has essentially pitted the generations against each other. New leadership will hopefully be more enlightened.



  1. […] A spokesperson for Starbucks made a mystifying distinction Wednesday in an apparent effort to justify what appears to be blatant age discrimination in hiring under the recently announced 100,000 Opportunity Initiative. […]

  2. A ‘Right’ That Is Not Enforced Is An Illusion | Age Discrimination in Employment says:

    […] a right to be free from age discrimination in employment but that right is widely, blatantly and unapologetically ignored – even by our own U.S. government, which older workers support through their tax […]

  3. Age Discrimination in Employment Equals Elder Poverty | Age Discrimination in Employment says:

    […] that actually permits federal agencies to discriminate against older workers in hiring. Last month, U.S. Labor Secretary Thomas Perez endorsed an initiative by America’s leading corporations to conduct a hiring initiative that […]

  4. […] AARP has been completely silent about the Obama administration’s recent endorsement of blatant age discrimination in employment by Starbucks, Walmart and Microsoft,  not to mention […]

  5. […] “employer led coalition,” which has received the blessing of the Obama administration,  blatantly violates the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 […]

  6. […] youth”  aged 16 – 24 for tens of thousands of part-time and full-time jobs.  Neither Perez nor Starbucks, the main organizer of the initiative, have explained what legal justification exists […]

  7. Age Discrimination Matters | Age Discrimination in Employment says:

    […] the Obama administration has given its blessing to the so-called 100,000 Opportunities Initiative, in which many of America’s leading […]

  8. ‘Start the Convo’ on Obama & Age Discrimination | Age Discrimination in Employment says:

    […] make things worse,  U.S. Labor Secretary Thomas E. Perez last summer announced his support for a program developed by Starbucks, Microsoft and Walmart, and […]

  9. The Marginalization of Older Workers | Age Discrimination in Employment says:

    […] U.S. Department of Labor Secretary Thomas E. Perez has ignored age discrimination except to the extent that he endorsed it in the 100,000 […]

  10. […] Department of Labor Secretary Thomas E. Perez could withdraw his support for the “100,000 Opportunities Initiative”  by America’s top corporations to hire workers between the ages of 16 and 24. This […]

  11. Obama’s Misguided Plan to Boost Diversity Through Age Discrimination | Age Discrimination in Employment says:

    […] recently, Obama’s Labor Secretary, Thomas E. Perez,  publicly endorsed a private initiative by some of America’s leading corporations to blatantly […]

  12. […] Meanwhile, some of America’s largest corporations last summer invoked President Barack Obama’s 2010 executive order establishing the Pathways “Recent Graduates” Program, which permits federal agencies engage in age discrimination in hiring.  These corporations, including Microsoft and Starbucks, announced a plan to hire 100,000 workers between the age of 16-to-24 year  by 2018. The press release for the “100,000 Opportunities Initiative” begins this way:  “Top U.S. – Based Companies Create Pathways to Economic Opportunity for Young Americans.” [Emphasis supplied]   Obama’s executive order arguably operates as a legal exemption to the ADEA for federal agencies but it certainly does not permit private sector corporations to blatantly violate the ADEA.  Nevertheless, the 100,000 Initiative was endorsed by U.S. Labor Secretary Thomas E. Perez. […]

  13. […] younger workers as impediments to job advancement and limited resources. Employers, including the U.S. government, treat older workers like an obstacle to a more diverse workforce. Moreover, researchers […]

  14. […] Valley  stubbornly refuses to acknowledge. Also, the EEOC deserves major kudos given that the Obama administration  for the past eight years, has treated older workers  like an obstacle to diversity and not a […]

  15. […] exclusively to age discrimination. These themes include actions by the Obama administration and Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez that have encouraged age discrimination in hiring, both in the federal government (our nations […]


Speak Your Mind